ISRO created history, country's most powerful communication satellite GSAT-30 launched


The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has launched communication satellite GSAT-30 from the European Space Agency in the early hours of Friday through the Ariane-5 launch vehicle. GSAT-30 was dispatched via Ariane-5 at 2.35 pm Indian time.

GSAT-30 will replace INSAT-4A and will have greater coverage capacity. INSAT-4A was launched in the year 2005. His weight is 3357 kg. The satellite provides coverage to the Indian mainland and islands in the Ku band, Gulf countries in the C band, a large number of Asian countries and Australia. This is the 24th satellite of India, which has been launched by Ariane Space's Ariane rocket.

Know what is the specialty of GSAT-30?

GSAT-30 weighs about 3100 kg. According to ISRO, the GSAT-30 satellite will work in place of INSAT-4. Its coverage capacity will be more than INSAT-4.

>> GSAT-30 will continue to work for India for 15 years on Earth. This will strengthen India's communication service.

>> This satellite is used for communication of DTH, television uplink and VSAT service.

GSAT-30 is a telecommunications satellite designed and built by ISRO.

>> With the help of GSAT-30, it will be easy to get the information of disasters and its rescue operation.

>> With the help of GSAT-30 communication payload GACO will help in communication of services like teleport services, digital satellite news storage (DSNG). The same satellite is also used to gather meteorological information.

>> ISRO said that this satellite provides coverage to the Indian mainland and islands in Ku band to Gulf countries, large number of Asian countries and Australia in C band.

>> ISRO said that these satellites will support ATMs, stock exchanges and e-governance application connectivity of banks. This satellite will accelerate these services.

● This satellite will help private and government service providers to make communication service more effective.

● In addition, the first test flight for Mission Gaganyaan will be launched in December. Gaganyaan is India's first manned space mission that is targeted to be launched by ISRO by December 2021. ISRO is working with the Indian Air Force for this,

● New technology of Internet is coming in the country. Optical fibers are being laid. Work is underway on 5G technology. In this situation, a more powerful satellite was needed. GSAT-30 satellite will meet these needs

● Aditya L1 mission is planned to be launched by mid-2020. This mission can play an important role in understanding and predicting climate change on Earth.

● Government has approved Chandrayaan-3 project. After the approval, ISRO chief K.K. Sivan said that it will probably be launched in 2021

🔰 National Youth Festival 2020 begins in Lucknow

23 The 23rd National Youth Festival (NYF) 2020 has started in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, it will be celebrated from January 12-16. This festival is celebrated on the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda. NYF 2020 is organized by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports of Uttar Pradesh and the state government. The theme of the 23rd National Youth Festival 2020 is "Fit Youth Fit India". The theme is in line with Prime Minister Narendra Modi's vision of New India to a Fit India and Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat. The purpose of the event is to promote the knowledge and ideas of the youth.

🔰 The government has been organizing NYF since 1995 with the objective of providing a platform to the youth of the country and giving them an opportunity to showcase their talent in various activities.

 Current CM of UP: Yogi Adityanath, Governor: Anandiben Patel.

 Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports: Kiren Rijiju.

Jaspreet Bumrah to be honored with BCCI's Poly Umrigar Award

🔰 Indian fast bowler Jasprit Bumrah will be awarded the BCCI's prestigious Poly Umrigar Award for his outstanding performance in international cricket in the 2018-19 season. The world's No.1 ODI bowler started Test cricket in January 2018 during India's tour of South Africa. On the other hand, leg-spinner Poonam Yadav will be given the Best International Cricketer (Female) award.

Former India captain Krishnamachari Srikkanth and Anjum Chopra will be awarded the Colonel CK Naidu Lifetime Achievement Award and the BCCI Lifetime Achievement Award for women respectively. Mayank Agarwal and Shaifali Verma will receive the award for Best International Debut in the Men's and Women's category.

 BCCI President: Sourav Ganguly; Headquarters of BCCI: Mumbai.

 Meaning of Code of Conduct

👉 In general terms, the Code of Conduct is a set of rules that regulate and control the behavior of an authority and which is mandatory to be followed.

There is often confusion about the policy code and code of conduct. Often people use these as synonyms of each other, considering the code of conduct and the code of policy. However, there is a difference between the two and this statement by Jeremy Bentham makes the difference clear.

The code of conduct usually has common values, while the code of conduct states the principles that derive from values. Values ​​are generally moral responsibilities, while principles are expected moral conditions or behaviors that follow values. "

So theoretically it can be said that the Code of Policy refers to value and if the price is practicable then the code of conduct is the means of achieving it.

Major rivers of India, their length, point of origin and river system.

👉 There are many rivers in India. The importance of rivers in India is more than in the Rigvedic period. There are more than 4000 small big rivers here. All these rivers have their own historical significance. Religious stories have been associated with many rivers. Which is very important religiously and socially. The largest and famous river of India is the Ganges, its area is spread over about 9 lakh sq km. Rivers of India can often be divided into two forms. Rivers originating from the Himalayas and peninsular rivers.

Himalayan Rivers

The drainage area of ​​these rivers is very wide. In these, water is supplied throughout the year because in addition to rain, water also comes from the melting of snow. Hence these rivers are also called Sadanira. The Himalayan rivers are divided into three parts - the Indus river system, the Ganges river system, the Brahmaputra river system. According to geologists, these three river systems have developed from a very large river. Which was known as Shivalik or Hind-Brahm River, which flowed from Assam to Punjab. Later, after the rise of the Potwar Plateau in the Pleistocene era, it split into three river systems.
Indus River System -

Indus river system is joined by Indus along with its tributaries Sutlej, Jhelum, Ravi, Vyas, Chinav. The Indus River originates from the Chemayungdung Glacier near Mansarovar Lake in Tibet. Its length is 2880 km. is. Under the Indus Water Agreement between India and Pakistan in 1960, India can use only 80% of the water of Satjal, Ravi and 20% of Jhelum, Chenab. The Jhelum River originates from Lake Sheshnag and joins the Wular Lake. The Chenab river is known as Chandrabhaga in Himachal Pradesh. Ravi river originates from Rohtang Pass in Kangra district. The Sutlej River originates from the Raksha Taal near Mansarovar Lake. The Bhakhar-Nangal dam is situated on the Sutlej River. The Vyas river meets the Sutlej near Kapurthala.

Ganga River System -

The origin of Ganga is the Gangotri Glacier in Uttarakhand. This river is a mixed form of the rivers Alaknanda and Bhagirathi, which is known as Ganga near Devprayag. The longest length of the Ganges River is in Uttar Pradesh. The Ganges River is known as Padma in Bangladesh. The most important tributary of the Ganges is the Yamuna, which originates from the Yamanotri glacier in Tehri in Garhwal district.

Brahmaputra River System -

It originates from Angsi Glacier near Mansarovar Lake. It is known as Sangpo in Tibet and Jamuna in Bangladesh. The drainage system of this river is spread over three countries, Tibet, India and Bangladesh. Manjuli, the world's largest river island, is the result of this river system.

 peninsular rivers

👉 Peninsular rivers are older than Himalayan rivers. That is why the slopes of these rivers are very slow. These rivers are seasonal only due to dependence on rainwater. These rivers dry up in the summer and they are rarely used as irrigation. Most of the peninsular rivers flow from west to east. But only the rivers Narmada and Tapti flow from east to west. The Western Ghats act as a water divider between east flowing rivers and west flowing rivers. The origin of the longest river Godavari (Ganges of South India) among the peninsular rivers is Nashik (Maharashtra). The Krishna River originates from a waterfall near Mahabaleshwar and forms its delta near Vijayawada.

Important facts related to rivers

Order of length of rivers of South India - Godavari> Krishna> Mahanadi> Narmada> Kaveri
Which is the largest lake of India - Chilka
In which state is the Chilka Lake located - Odisha
Which type of lake is Chilka - Lagoon (saltwater)
Which is the largest freshwater lake in northeast India - Loktak lake
In which state is the Loktak lake located - Manipur
Which peninsular rivers make estuary - Narmada, Tapti, Mandvi
Which basin is situated between Krishna and Kaveri - Pennar Basin
Whose tributaries are Jayamangali and Chitravati - Pennar River
What type of lake is Lonar lake of Maharashtra - Crater lake
The Kaveri river passes through which states - Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu
Which is the largest freshwater lake of India - Wular
👉 Which is not India's most famous for bringing flood by changing routes repeatedly - Kosi
Whose tributary is Damodar - Hooghly
Which river forms the border of Asom and West Bengal - Sankoshi river
Which river originates from the Amar Kantak plateau - Sone, Narmada, Mahanadi
Which is the man-made lake on Tapti River in Gujarat - Ukai
Which lake is situated between Hyderabad and Secunderabad - Hussain Sagar
The famous temple of Badrinath is situated on the banks of which river - Alaknanda
Which river brings water to the Triveni Canal located in the West Champaran District - Gandak River
What type of lake is Avular lake - Gokhur lake
Where the river Damodar originates from - Chota Nagpur Plateau
On which river is the Astanley reservoir - Kaveri River (Tamil Nadu)
Which lake is in the island of Evelington - Bembanad Lake (Kerala)
Wular lake in Jammu and Kashmir was part of which river - Jhelum
The famous temple of Kedarnath is situated on the banks of which river - Mandakini
Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar is an artificial lake built on which river - Rihand
Rajasthan's major saline lakes - Sambhar, Panchbhadra, Didwana, Lunakarsar
Ashtamudi Lake in Kerala is an example of which type of lake - Lagoon
Whose tributaries are Chambal, Betba and Ken - Yamuna
Which is the most prominent among the seven streams of Kosi river - Aruna

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