Current Affairs 2020

National Institute of Health and Family Welfare

Recently, the 43rd Annual Day of the National Institute of Health and Family Welfare-NIHFW was presided over by the Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare.

main point:

• On this occasion, it was said to emphasize the need for coordination and cooperation among institutions to meet public health challenges in India.
• Also emphasized the role of Ayushman Bharat - Health and Welfare Centers to address public health challenges in India to focus on preventive and positive health.
• It was also emphasized that through Ayushman Bharat, strengthening public health, it is necessary for the centers to ensure that they have BP, Diabetes, three types of cancer and leprosy ( Leprosy) etc. should be equipped with screening of diseases, as prevention of these diseases has also been given priority in the National Health Policy-2017.
To achieve these objectives, there will be a need to adopt new approaches as well as rethink the policies, besides research and training institutes and public health institutions have to play a key role.
• During this time, academic awards were given and best employees of the year were also honored.
National Institute of Health and Family Welfare:

NIHFW is located in Delhi.

• It was established in the year 1977.
• NIHFW works through the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
• To provide training to health sector professionals such as Accredited Social Health Activist- ASHA, Auxiliary nurse midwife-ANMs, Central and State officials and health workers for their capacity building. The main organization to do this.

 Sites contaminated with toxins.

According to recent data released by the 'Central Pollution Control Board' (CPCB), out of a total of 324 potentially toxic material contaminant sites in India, 128 were found to be toxic and contaminated with hazardous substances, while the results of 196 sites Is yet to be confirmed.

Main point:

• The Union Ministry of Environment is monitoring such sites and arranges for cleaning the sites which are found to be
• Detailed project report for the cleaning of these contaminated sites is complied with as per the instructions of 'National Green Tribunal- NGT'.
Hazardous Chemical Contaminants: They are-
• Can cause a major disaster.
• which are highly toxic and polluting.
• Generate waste and which cannot be safely and adequately disposed of.
Hazardous contaminants are safely disposed of through import, purchase and sale, storage, transportation, labeling, maintenance of records and sales documents.

Major contaminated sites:

• West Bengal (27 sites) and Odisha (23 places) are on top in cases of such contaminated sites.
• Agencies have prepared a detailed project report or plan of action for cleaning 20 such sites in 6 states - Kerala, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh.

Contamination sites and factors:

Contamination site contamination factors and causes
●Tamil Nadu ;-Oil contamination due to oil leakage of underground oil pipelines of Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited.
●Ellor (Kerala) :-Contamination in creeks due to pesticides and heavy metals.
●Rania (Uttar Pradesh) :-Chromium contamination
●Moradabad (Uttar Pradesh) :-Improper disposal of electronic waste on the banks of Ramganga river.
Kodaikanal (Tamil Nadu), Ganjam ●(Odisha) :-Mercury contamination in soil.
Ranipet (Tamil Nadu), Lohianagar (Uttar ●Pradesh) :-Chromium contamination.

Bad Record:-

● According to independent organizations, India has a poor track record in dealing with chemical accidents.
According to the 'Toxics Link' organization, which works towards hazardous waste disposal, on average, four major chemical accidents have been reported every month between 2016-2019, while many accidents have not been duly recorded. was done .
● As per the report of a committee constituted by the NGT, the inventory (substantial resources) prepared so far towards Hazardous Waste- HW management is not effective in making the overall solution.
Major causes of contamination:
● The main reasons of river water being contaminated with heavy metals are mining, junk industry and metal surface finishing industries which release various types of toxic metals in the environment.
● In the last few decades, the concentration of these heavy metals in river water and sediments has also increased rapidly. The major cause of river water contamination is the increase in agricultural and industrial activities along with population growth.
● Changes in the level of contamination are also seen in India depending on the weather. For example, iron contamination is seen more in the Ganges river during the monsoon but during the non-monsoon period it is seen to decline significantly.
Road Ahead:
● Identifying industry sectors where chemicals and waste materials pose challenges.
● Engaging related industry sectors, organizations and groups to initiate dialogue.
● Ensure communication to deal with crises and risks, work towards identifying risk management approaches and opportunities for safe alternatives.

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