Second National Judicial Pay Commission

The Supreme Court bench headed by Chief Justice Sharad Arvind Bobade has made it clear to the states and union territories that the Second National Judicial Pay Commission has actively pursued the recommendations of salary, pension and allowances for the Subordinate Judiciary. Should be implemented.

#key points:-

●The Supreme Court stated in its order that an economically self-sufficient subordinate judiciary is the basis of the existence of an independent judiciary.
●According to the Supreme Court, society has a stake in ensuring the independence of the judiciary and it is necessary to secure it at any cost.
●In 1992, the Supreme Court, in its decision, directed the states to set up a Pay Commission for their employees, then the salary structure of judicial officers should be reviewed separately.
●In its review judgment in the year 1993, the Court stated that 'Judicial service is not a service in the sense of employment nor a judge is an employee'.
●Since then, this case became the basis of continuous efforts being made to improve the service conditions of subordinate judicial officers.
Second National Judicial Pay Commission
●Second National Judicial Pay Commission has presented the main part of the report related to salary, pension and allowances.
●The second National Judicial Pay Commission was formed following the order given by the Supreme Court in the All India Judges Association case.
●The Ministry of Law and Justice had issued a notification regarding the formation of the Commission on 16 November 2017 and the Commission submitted an interim report in the year 2018.
●Former Supreme Court Judge Justice P.V. Reddy was appointed as the chairman of the Second National Judicial Pay Commission.
●Apart from this, Justice R.R. Vasant is a member of this commission and District Judge Vinay Kumar Gupta of Delhi Higher Judicial Service is the member secretary of the commission.
●It is important to note that the first National Judicial Pay Commission was constituted on 21 March 1996.
Recommendations of the Second National Judicial Pay Commission


The Commission recommended adoption of Pay Matrix considering various alternative working methods which have been derived by applying a multiplier of 2.81 to the current salary, which corresponds to the percentage increase in salary of High Court Judges. According to the revised pay structure set by the Commission, Junior Civil Judge / First Class Magistrate whose starting salary is Rs 27,700 will now get Rs 77,840. While the salary of the senior civil judge will start from Rs 1,11,000 and the salary of the district judge will start from Rs 1,44,840. The maximum salary of the District Judge will be Rs. 2,24,100. The revised salary and pension will be effective from January 1, 2016. The dues will be paid during the financial year 2020 after adjusting the interim relief.


Based on the proposed revised pay scales, pension was recommended at 50 percent of the previous salary. The family pension will be 30 percent of the final salary. The additional pension will start on completion of 75 years of age and the percentage will increase at various stages. At present the present limit of retirement gratuity and death gratuity will be increased by 25 percent when DA is reached at 50 percent.


The current allowances will be increased in a suitable way and some new things have been added. Recommendations have been made to improve medical facilities and simplify the payment process. Medical facilities will be provided to pensioners and family pensioners. Some new allowances such as allowances related to children's education, homwork Bhatt has been proposed.

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